Emergence of qualia from brain activity or from an interaction of protoconsciousness with the brain: which one is the weirder? Available evidence and a research agenda

di Patrizio Tressoldi , Enrico Facco , Daniela Lucangeli
This contribution to the science of consciousness aims at comparing how two different theories can explain the emergence of different qualia experiences: meta-awareness, metacognition, the placebo effect, out-of-body experiences, cognitive therapy, meditation-induced brain changes, etc. The first theory postulates that qualia experiences derive from specific neural patterns, and the second one that qualia experiences derive from the interaction of a proto-consciousness with the brain’s neural activity. From this comparison, it will be possible to judge which one seems to better explain the different qualia experiences and to offer a more promising research agenda.